What is psoriasis?  

Psoriasis is a skin disease that is caused by rapid growth of skin cells. As a result, these newly-formed skin cells will pile up on the skin surface to form scaly thick patches in that area. These patches are often white, silver or red and usually can be found on the scalp, elbows, trunk, knees and feet. Psoriasis is a non-contagious chronic (long-term) disease and tends to have its own cycle. It can subside today and come back a few days later.

The appearance of psoriasis usually differs according to its type and can vary from person to person. Common signs include having red, inflamed patches of skin that is usually covered with whitish or silvery scales. These patches can be accompanied by itchiness and burning sensation around it. Patients are likely to have dry skin that soon may crack and bleed. Besides, some patients have thickened or pitted nails as well. However, different types of psoriasis will have different signs and symptoms. There are several types of psoriasis that you need to know:

1) Plaque Psoriasis

This is the most common form of psoriasis. It has the typical appearance of raised red skin patches that are normally found on the scalp, elbows, lower back and knees. These patches are usually covered with silvery scales or plaques that might be itchy.

2) Guttate Psoriasis

This type is very common in childhood. A child with psoriasis will usually have small pink-coloured spots around their arms, trunk or legs. Besides, it can also be found on the face, scalp or ears. Guttate psoriasis usually comes only once in a lifetime.

3) Nail Psoriasis

Nail Psoriasis happens when this condition affects fingernails and toenails. The affected nail is usually pitted, discoloured and grows abnormally. In severe cases, this might cause the nail to break and crumble.

4) Pustular Psoriasis

This type of psoriasis is rare and usually affects adults. It is marked with pus-filled lesions that typically occur in small areas such as the palms or soles. Normally, this can be painful and makes it difficult for the patient to use their hands or feet. However, some people might also experience a widespread distribution.

5) Inverse Psoriasis

As the name suggests, this psoriasis affects the inverse part of the skin, which is the skin folds. It is characterized by smooth, inflamed red patches that can develop under the breast, in the groin or buttocks. Sweating and friction will often make it worse.

6) Erythrodermic Psoriasis

This psoriasis is very rare. It can cover the entire body at once and is always associated with burning sensation. Erythrodermic Psoriasis can be life-threatening, so it is advisable to seek immediate help.

7) Psoriatic arthritis

Apart from the skin lesions, this type will affect the joint as well. Any joints in the body can be affected, and it will cause it to swell and become very painful. If it is not treated, it may cause joint stiffness that may lead to permanent joint damage.

             If you have any signs or symptoms that were mentioned above, it is advisable for you to seek your doctor as soon as possible. This condition can cause pain, make you feel uncomfortable and cause concern about your skin appearance. In some cases, it can cause joint problems such as swelling, and this will make it hard for you to perform your daily routine. Some psoriasis can become severe, so make sure you tell your doctor how this illness is affecting your daily life. If you are looking for an online consultation, you can book an appointment.