What Is Hyperpigmentation And What Is The Best Treatment For It?

Hyperpigmentation is characterized by dark patches or discolorations on the skin. This occurs when areas of skin grow darker than the surrounding region due to a variety of factors such as hormones, acne scars, or sun exposure. Hyperpigmentation is caused by modifications in the melanocytes—the cells that generate skin color or pigment. However, a variety of factors can cause melanocytes to begin generating more pigment.

Hyperpigmentation is rarely dangerous, although it is often a symptom of another health problem. Hyperpigmentation can be successfully treated by cosmetic doctors using pigmentation removal treatments like Pico laser, among others.

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation happens when: 1) the melanocytes concentration, the cells that make melanin, is abnormally high, or 2) melanocytes are excessively active in creating melanin.

Hyperpigmentation can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

UV exposure.  Among the most prevalent causes of the condition is the absorption of UV rays emitted by the sun or sometimes, tanning beds.

Pregnancy. Throughout pregnancy, women’s hormonal activities vary, and these changes might lead to unusual melanin production. Experts believe that high estrogen levels, particularly in pregnant women, are to blame.

Birth control. To prevent conception, contraceptive medicines modify a woman’s estrogen and progesterone levels. Melanin’s excessive production can be triggered by these changes.

Heredity. Hyperpigmentation appears to go down in families in certain cases.

Heat. Heat can cause the skin to create melanin even if it is not exposed to the sun.

Medications in particular. Antibiotics, antimalarial, antiepileptics, and antiarrhythmics medications can all exacerbate the problem.

Addison’s disease is a condition that affects the adrenal glands. The adrenal gland does not operate adequately in Addison’s disease. When the adrenal glands struggle to generate sufficient cortisol, your pituitary gland reacts by generating additional adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which is derived from proopiomelanocortin (POMC), which would be a precursor to melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH).

Inflammation of or injury to the skin. Acne, burns, psoriasis, and picking at the skin are all examples of this.

Does Pico Laser For Hyperpigmentation Removal Work?

Let’s start with an explanation of how Pico laser technology works. Pico lasers penetrate the skin fast and destroy pigments on the hyperpigmented spots, resulting in more even-toned skin.

This pigmentation removal procedure works under the skin’s surface. It’s a simple and quick procedure that results in revitalized, long-term skin health.

Pico laser works in one-trillionth-second increments on the skin. The energy is converted into pressure instead of heat because of the quickness of the procedure. The pigment is penetrated by the pressure energy, and the pigment is flushed out by the body. It securely delivers energy under your skin’s surface to target hyperpigmentation and other skin issues.

Preventing Hyperpigmentation

After your Pico laser treatment, it is best to avoid certain factors that could retrigger the overproduction of melanin that causes hyperpigmentation. Here are some tips:

Wear sunscreen. Applying SPF 30 sunscreen daily at least is a vital step in treating and preventing hyperpigmentation. But a single application is not sufficient — you should reapply, particularly if you are exercising or sweating. Try reapplying every 2 hours and search for sunscreens that shield against both UVB and UVA rays and have titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.

Exfoliate regularly. Discoloration could build up as well on the epidermis’s dead skin cells. Regular exfoliating will assist you in sloughing off these cells to bring out the vibrant, fresher skin within. Relying on the type of your skin, try exfoliating 1-3 times a week. You could even see exfoliating scrubs that have a brightening substance to help dark patches, too.

Use an antioxidant or vitamin C serum. Applied daily, other antioxidants together with vitamin C serum could help in combating sun damage.